It is forbidden to give any honor or title in the constitution, yet the government of India did it, find out the reason
Lord Mountbatten expressed his desire to introduce honors, medals and titles after independence, which was implemented by the Government of India. The Constitution prohibits the giving of titles but was introduced at the behest of Lord Mountbatten. Mt.
In 1974, Soviet Union Indian Communist leader S. A Dange was given the Order of Lenin. Mathai writes that “but Mountbatten did not give the example of countries like America and France where such respect is not given.” Note that there has always been controversy over the choice of names for these honors, which began in India in 1954. There is no controversy over the Padma award during the Narendra Modi government. However, it is not clear how long it will remain undisputed.
Remember that Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s name was not in the first list of celebrities who started giving Bharat Ratna in this country. Yes, Vice President Dr. Radhakrishnan has already been awarded the Bharat Ratna. Later to Dr. Rajendra Prasad. These awards and honors are considered unconstitutional.
In 1977, the Morarji Desai government repealed the provision of this medal and honor.
But, in 1980, the Indira Gandhi government started it again. There has always been controversy over the Bharat Ratna and Padma awards. It is alleged that politics are often the basis of names chosen for honor. Well known author Khushwant Singh wrote in 2008 that “I still do not understand how much attention is paid to this election which is held every year.”
In the same year, Congress leader Rajiv Shukla wrote that “some people have already won the Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan awards by lobbying in Delhi.” How many know better than Khushwant Singh and Rajiv Shukla about the internal affairs of the then central government. The framers of the constitution repealed the titles through Article 18. For the first time since independence, in 1954, three personalities were awarded the Bharat Ratna simultaneously. They are Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari and Dr. Chandrasekhar Benkataraman. Where people like Subhash Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Shaheed Bhagat Singh and hockey wizard Dhyan Chand are not remembered.
Sardar Patel was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1991, MG Ramachandran in 1988 and Jayaprakash Narayan in 1998. Looking at this example, it seems that politics can be more than this title? Acharya JB Kripalani was strongly against this title. He brought a personal bill in the Lok Sabha in 1970 against titles like Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Shri. But his bill could not be passed.
During the discussion of this bill, when Kripalani felt that his bill would fall, the speaker Kripalani Indira pointed out to the members of Congress and said that you people are the biggest hypocrites. You call yourself a socialist but do a lot against socialism. So is your job. Acharya Kripalani was the President of the Congress in 1947. But later he left the Congress. Gandhian Kripalani also occasionally listened to Gandhiji.
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Kripalani, who was a member of the Constituent Assembly, did not like to create a special class with titles even in independent India. Before raising the bill, he asked members of the ruling Congress whether they would like to issue a whip to vote on the bill. They will not bring this bill if they want. But members of the ruling Congress at the time gave no indication of a whip. Even several lawmakers from the ruling party backed Kripalani’s bill in the House. However, during the vote on the bill, those members voted against the bill. Because shortly before the end of the debate, the ruling members of parliament changed their tactics.
Even members of the opposition have spoken out against the titles given by the government and stressed the need to repeal them. Although JB Kripalani’s bill was dropped, many members seriously questioned during the discussion that the government is not creating a certain class of citizens through this title? A few days ago, the parliament passed a bill to cancel the privy purse given to kings and emperors.
During the discussion on the bill, several MPs said that the money being given to the former kings was not important. More importantly, it is their titles that set them apart and distinct from the general public. JB Kriplani was aware that by an administrative order, the Central Government had decided in 1954 to confer Bharat Ratna and other types of titles. The issue was never raised in the cabinet as hardliners like Sardar Patel and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad were against the titles.
(The author is a political expert and senior journalist)